He used to sign his name but his father, "Dracula", as evidenced by a first documentary from Bucharest, dated 20 September 1459, and caused his portrait Odhsenbach Stambuch (Stuttgart).
The term is derived from a Romanian Dracula - Dracula - Dracula's son, his father having the title because of the decoration, received the king of Hungary, depicting a dragon.
British writer Bram Stoker in the Royal Library could easily see some of those designs from London's Saxon XV century, which is found in the collections of the British Museum, where Vlad Tepes is described as a monster, a vampire who drinks human blood and a great lover of cruelty. He probably had access to the book History of Moldavia and Wallachia of Johann Christian Engel, who portrays Dracula as a bloody tyrant, which probably gave him the idea to the Wallachian prince as the model for his fictional character "Dracula. " Some historians have proposed that Stoker had a relationship of friendship with a Hungarian professor from the University of Budapest, Arminius Vambery (Hermann Vamberger), and it may have given them information about Vlad Tepes. Moreover, the fact that Dr. Abraham Van Helsing mentions his friend Arminius in the 1897 novel as the source of his knowledge of Vlad III Dracula called, seems to support this hypothesis. It should also be noted that this appears to be the only cause, with no real connection between the historical Vlad Dracula (1431-1476) and modern literary myth of the vampire which is the book by Bram Stoker. He used the folklore sources, historical references and personal experiences to create a complex character. On the other hand, it is worth mentioning that Vlad's main political detractors - mostly Saxons - made use of the word meaning the devil to darken the reputation of a demon prince. So could the combination of the two meanings of the word, dragon and devil, to explain a stronger link between Vlad Tepes and vampirism? Nickname is in connection with the idea that Vlad was a bloodthirsty despot who first established as a punitive measure, impaled. There should be a clarification. Vlad Tepes adopted the method, very common in the Western Middle Ages, from his good cousin Stephen the Great, the latter being the first to use this terrible ordeal in the Romanian.
All Bram Stoker took the idea to European legends associated with this South American animal: said hematophagous vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus). The origin of the nickname "Tepes"
However, the description of Stephen the Great is made by Ion Neculce in omnibus paper entitled "A bat of words" which is described as "a great man of state, rather hotly and feasts of blood without giudeţ vărsătoriu.
Or this description says a lot about the character of the Moldavian ruler. Equally erroneous descriptions are made by Saxons from Brasov, who thought that the prince Vlad Tepe dine surrounded by fallen prey to the agonized hapless royal wrath.
It turned out to be only a libelous statements, due to the fact that after ascending the throne, the Impaler, the latter established customs and transit duties of those who passed through the Romanian country to Bucharest, Bulgaria and Istanbul.
The foreign press and screenings
If it were not written Bram Stoker novel "Dracula" in 1898, surely Vlad would have remained unknown to those outside Romania.
Although the novel is removed from reality, depicting Dracula as a mythological character - a vampire, it is because of the reputation it currently enjoys Romanian prince.
The first adaptation of the novel was made in Germany in 1922, called the film "Nosferatu, Eine Symphonie des Grauens" (Nosferatu. A symphony of horrors), taking it on the actor Max Schreck in the cast.
The name Dracula is Count Orlok changed here, because the film's director, FW Murnau was unable to obtain at the time the author for screening. Name it evidently resembles Nosferatu nesuferitu that the former Romanian villagers evoked Dracula.
The actual film version of the novel (the hero's name unchanged) shooting in 1931 - the horror classic "Dracula", taking it in the starring Hungarian actor Bela Lugosi home.
Last shielding - the most accurate and best known - is filmed in 1992. The film - "Bram Stoker's Dracula" directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring renowned actors in Hollywood (some unknown at the time), from Gary Oldman - Count Dracula, alongside Anthony Hopkins - Dr. Van Helsing Winona Ryder, Keanu Reeves and Cary Elwes, who later played in "Shadow of the Vampire" (Shadow of the Vampire), with John Malkovich and Willem Dafoe, a movie about the film version "Nosferatu. "
Mititc character Dracula is known primarily for impaled punishment by begging, theft, etc.. Hence the name "(Vlad) Graham. "
Are present in the Romanian folklore ghost stories, stories with vampires and werewolves stories.
About Vlad Tepes, ruler of the Romanian Country, was told that it was actually "model of Dracula, Count-lonely vampire whose fate begins and ends in a doorway in the heart of the Carpathians. His reign was troubled and took place in a world as uncertain and shifting.
Dragon OrderVlad is crowned at a time when Henry VI and the British fought in the War of the Roses, when Hungary ruled the great Romanian-born King Matthias Corvinus and when Sultan Mehmed II's armies sweep of Christian Europe. Roots controversial stories are apparently easy to discern clearly. The first of Draculesti, another Vlad Tepes's father, who was governor of Transylvania, was received by Emperor Sigismund in the Order Dragonuluii - Drago, a strange order, built against the symbolism of the church is dedicated to "St. George killed balauruluii. Historians say the name of the order, Drago, the order was received in secret Tepes Dracula nickname derived, which then turned into Dracula. But here we enter the realm of mystery.
A love storyAdventurous life Prince Dracula is running for three princes, from historical evidence accepted and legends handed down from man to man, sure signs of the crossings between the world and his mysterious death, which really could not be proven anymore. Funny, but nobody knows exactly where and when it finally Vlad Tepes. There are only fleeting mentions and unconfirmed assumptions. Ancient sources, some of them recorded by Romanian-born American Professor Radu Florescu, I outlines of a portrait of a romantic hero Vlad. Became prince of Wallachia after being held hostage at the court of Sultan Murad II, the Impaler, grandson of Mircea the Old, the assassin kills his father and is separated from his brother, Radu the Handsome, who will wear a hostility no haze, because the later of damnation. Radu, the Turkish favorite for the throne, the follow up to the castle Poenari Tepes, the Arges River. According to legend, there's wife commits suicide, throwing themselves on the rocks, not to be caught by the Turks, while Vlad manages to escape through a secret passageway in the mountain. Helped by some peasants, he comes through Arefu in Transylvania, to his cousin, Matthew Corvin, where it remains for 12 years. The Visegrad was born the legend of Dracula, the vampire without sleep, started a love story. Young Vlad sister falls in love with the Hungarian king and tries to flee with her over the mountains. For the love of beautiful Hungarian princess, it seems that Vlad goes to Catholicism and even marries her in a ceremony unknown to anyone, officiated secretly modest step Tihuta castle, pass the heart of the Carpathians. Forbidden love of two causes the wrath of Matthias Corvinus, who kidnaps his sister and bring it back to Hungary. Furious, Vlad blood curse cast on the Hungarian royal family and selling his soul to the devil in an everlasting covenant, to become non-dead, a sign of submission to Lucifer, the Dark Prince. Since then, any attempt to kill was, they say, doomed to failure, which is the decapitation of his explanation for, becoming a vampire, could not be killed otherwise.
Prince without deathAfter opinions from historians and researchers, proves nothing, as it is believed, and Vlad's head would be cut, which was taken to Constantinople, as proof of his death, nor that it had been stolen Turkey and buried the capital, in 1476, under a stone slab in Snagov. But vampirologii say Dracula has never gone for good the world, but that is only a few hundred years asleep or hiding in dark places around the grave.The fact is that traces the mysterious Count Dracula begins and always come back somewhere close to Bucharest, a city whose first written mention (20 September 1459) dates all the time this ruler. Here, in a small monastery built on an island in the middle of Snagov Lake and where there is only one monk, are locked many of the enigmas surrounding the strange disappearance of print. In the center of the church on the island, the gilded altar is a simple ledger, cut in white stone and lit by two candles flicker noise yellowish cast. Under it is said to have buried his head off the body of Vlad Dracula, Prince without dying. Somewhere deep below the bell tower, it says it is a complex of tunnels and underground hideouts passing beneath the lake and about which nobody knows where do not now. The story says that through the long corridors of twisty sunk deep they hide from daylight soul cursed to never die of Prince Vlad. And together, away from the shadow of the church, glittering beneath a fountain in the spring that he would be buried treasures and a treasure without price.
Ceausescu ordered the building corridorAll these are mere words, just how, well, you can hide traces of truth. Evidence is neither a party nor the other. Only strange signs, which can not be deciphered, signs of old left of the nearly 200 years when the monastery was completely pararsita and about Snagov abbot, Father Varafil not speak at all. Do not know, say, than hearsay about the enigmas of the church, writing is nothing, and no he's not here so long as you have verified it.It can be so pious parent says her church canons, or may stop words. But over the lake from the village elders tell about the strange things about signs that terrify. About sounds you hear are the nights on the island in the storm over the water screaming, mourning sounds like a scream coming from the end of the long wharf, where water would be closed by tunnels and passages from the bell which opens with "Dracula's gallery. About five people have disappeared without a trace while searching for the entrance to tainitele Count cursed treasure, that even before Ceausescu to be made to build up in the corridor which extended the presidential palace. Then bottomless fountain water, that is not never alter, like holy water, because it has a high concentration of pure silver ions. Or about the black shadows, flattened over the water, and blue fire floating on the water fountain and sleepless night on the howling of wolves in St. George, when the island is not any footage of wild animal lives, let alone a wolf. The reason is the spirit of Dracula.
Empty tomb?People were told that second walls bell "all closed, what can not be dried again, because there where you breathe deeply transits count walk without rest. And just because none of Dracula who tried not to ever ghizduri to dry fountain carved round stone, to find secret rooms underneath and found a man blazed over the dance nights with no moon, light blue. He who could do that would be, they say, the secret to obtaining the purest gold in the world, Roman gold, one with 99.5% gold. But would not work simply because you should know first writings of Scholomance, University of famous black magic, inherited by Count Dracula, from the time when Diocletian ordered the destruction of manuscripts of alchemy to be sure that the coin was ultrapure aureus could not be spoofed by alchemists.Talk or not, dark tales of the Middle Ages or illusions, and their elders are afraid of the cross three times if it comes to the tomb of the monastery. Many believe that under the thick plate, there's nothing built into the floor. And this is not Dracula's body should be buried elsewhere in the world Istanbul or elsewhere, but because he had somehow managed to fool the time, leading to centuries insurmountable burden of blame: death without dying.How true and how much is fiction in the legend of Vlad the Impaler? Nobody knows for sure and maybe we should not venture into a strong response. Because, after all, everyone has the right to choose "piece of mystery and adventure in which to believe. And as you go see Romeo and Juliet's house or pub where shadows haunt wizard says Faust, the lake can pass the controversial tomb of Dracula tragic. To see him in silence and seek one answer to the question being how big the step that separates the reality of the realm of legend. And to see that sometimes a step can only be as fluttering eyelids ...